Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Descriptive statistics of outputs, inputs and explanatory variables of efficiency

From: Measuring the efficiency of public schools in Uruguay: main drivers and policy implications

Variable Description 2009 2012 Pool
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Outputs
 Maths_mean School average score in mathematics 398.0 49.0 382.1 44.7 391.3 47.8
 Read_mean School average score in reading 390.7 53.6 380.5 54.3 386.4 54.0
Inputs
PARED Students’ highest parental education level expressed as years of schooling 9.65 1.56 10.15 1.40 9.86 1.51
SCHRES School Educational Resources Index 4.94 2.71 5.31 3.04 5.09 2.85
PROPCERT Proportion of fully certified teachers in the school 0.53 0.18 0.52 0.20 0.52 0.19
Explanatory variables
TEST Student’s assessment through tests with frequency more than one per month 0.13 0.34
HOMEWORK Student’s assessment through monthly homework 0.14 0.35
EXTREADING Percentage of students in the appropriate year 0.09 0.06
STUCHECK Percentage of students who check to see if I remember the work I have already done (mathematics) 0.25 0.09
STUIMPORT Percentage of students who try to work out what the most important parts to learn are (mathematics) 0.32 0.09
PCTCORRECT Percentage of students in the appropriate year 0.55 0.26 0.55 0.24 0.55 0.25
TEACHVOCa Vocational technical school 0.31 0.46 0.32 0.47 0.31 0.47
RURALa School located in a town with less than 3000 inhabitants 0.14 0.35 0.13 0.34 0.14 0.34
CITYa School located in a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants 0.09 0.29 0.10 0.30 0.09 0.29
TEACHSTU Number of teachers per 100 students 7.67 3.27 7.48 2.49 7.59 2.96
Curr_authora National authorities have a considerable responsibility for determining the content of the courses 0.84 0.37 0.72 0.45 0.79 0.41
Disc_authora National authorities has a considerable responsibility for establishing student disciplinary policies 0.63 0.48 0.65 0.48 0.64 0.48
Budget_ppala The school’s principal has a considerable responsibility for distributing the school budget 0.53 0.50 0.30 0.46 0.43 0.50
Budget_authora National authorities have a considerable responsibility for distributing the school budget 0.57 0.50 0.66 0.48 0.61 0.49
Asses_authora National authorities have a considerable responsibility for establishing the students assessment policies 0.80 0.41 0.68 0.47 0.75 0.44
  1. Source: own elaboration based on PISA 2009 and PISA 2012
  2. aFor dummy variables, the mean represents the proportion of schools in each category