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Table 3 Examples of adaptation practices and policies by sector

From: Climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean: policy options and research priorities

Sector Private adaptation practices Public adaptation policies
Water resources Usage of low-flow toilets and showers Re-use of cooking water Leak repair Rainwater collection Installation of canal linings Use of closed conduits Water recycling Expansion of drip irrigation Increase of water harvesting Change the location or height of water intakes Use of artificial recharge Raise dam heights Increase canal size Sediment removal Construction of reservoirs and hydroplants Implementation of well fields and inter-basin water transfers
Coastal zones Migration and retreat Afforestation Dike, sea-wall, and embankment building Implementation of beach and shore nourishment Construction of shelters and enhancement of building standards Modification of land use Establishment of early warning systems
Agriculture Adoption of pest-, drought-, and heat-resistant crops Change of planting dates Crop mixing Improvements in irrigation efficiency Use of water harvesting Implementation of terracing and deep ploughing R&D on resistant crops Improvements in pest management through biological controls Diffusion of resistant crops among farmers Construction of dams and irrigation systems Provision of institutional support to diffuse information on climate change and adaptation possibilities Enhancement of agricultural trade Promotion of efficient use of resources
Livestock Change in grazing and breeding management Change in mix of grazers or browsers Change in location of watering points Change in supplemental feeding Use of windbreaks to protect soil from erosion Use of vegetative barriers or snow fences to increase soil moisture Development of large-scale watershed projects and breeding programs Discouragement of use of marginal land and protection of degraded areas Implementation of veterinary animal health services
Energy Increased implementation of cooling equipment Improved efficiency of cooling systems Improvement of thermal insulation in buildings Enhanced energy efficiency and thermal shell standards Reduction of energy subsidies
Biodiversity   Increase of protected areas Establishment of ecological corridors for migration of species Active management of wild populations outside of protected areas Maintenance of captive populations Ecological restoration
  1. Sources Feenstra et al. (1998); and Agrawala and Fankhauser (2008)