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Table 3 Examples of adaptation practices and policies by sector

From: Climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean: policy options and research priorities

Sector Private adaptation practices Public adaptation policies
Water resources Usage of low-flow toilets and showers
Re-use of cooking water
Leak repair
Rainwater collection
Installation of canal linings
Use of closed conduits
Water recycling
Expansion of drip irrigation
Increase of water harvesting
Change the location or height of water intakes
Use of artificial recharge
Raise dam heights
Increase canal size
Sediment removal
Construction of reservoirs and hydroplants
Implementation of well fields and inter-basin water transfers
Coastal zones Migration and retreat
Afforestation
Dike, sea-wall, and embankment building
Implementation of beach and shore nourishment
Construction of shelters and enhancement of building standards
Modification of land use
Establishment of early warning systems
Agriculture Adoption of pest-, drought-, and heat-resistant crops
Change of planting dates
Crop mixing
Improvements in irrigation efficiency
Use of water harvesting
Implementation of terracing and deep ploughing
R&D on resistant crops
Improvements in pest management through biological controls
Diffusion of resistant crops among farmers
Construction of dams and irrigation systems
Provision of institutional support to diffuse information on climate change and adaptation possibilities
Enhancement of agricultural trade
Promotion of efficient use of resources
Livestock Change in grazing and breeding management
Change in mix of grazers or browsers
Change in location of watering points
Change in supplemental feeding
Use of windbreaks to protect soil from erosion
Use of vegetative barriers or snow fences to increase soil moisture
Development of large-scale watershed projects and breeding programs
Discouragement of use of marginal land and protection of degraded areas
Implementation of veterinary animal health services
Energy Increased implementation of cooling equipment
Improved efficiency of cooling systems
Improvement of thermal insulation in buildings
Enhanced energy efficiency and thermal shell standards
Reduction of energy subsidies
Biodiversity   Increase of protected areas
Establishment of ecological corridors for migration of species
Active management of wild populations outside of protected areas
Maintenance of captive populations
Ecological restoration
  1. Sources Feenstra et al. (1998); and Agrawala and Fankhauser (2008)