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Table 1 Income distribution in Latin American countries (2000–2013).

From: Poverty, vulnerability, and the middle class in Latin America

  Incidence (%) in 2013 (a) Variation (pp): 2013–2000 (b)
Extreme poor Moderate poor Vulnerable Middle class High income Extreme poor Moderate poor Vulnerable Middle class High income
ARG 4.0 6.9 34.4 52.5 2.2 −10.9 −8.5 −2.1 21.3 0.2
BOL 19.7 12.8 38.5 28.4 0.6 −23.0 −5.1 12.7 15.8 −0.4
BRA 10.4 10.8 38.4 36.9 3.6 −16.8 −6.1 6.0 15.6 1.3
CHL 3.7 6.6 37.7 45.7 6.3 −6.5 −6.4 −0.9 12.2 1.7
COL 18.6 15.4 36.7 27.2 2.2 −21.5 −4.1 10.0 14.5 1.2
CRI 8.5 10.6 37.7 39.2 4.0 −6.7 −4.3 −2.8 11.0 2.8
DOM 22.7 20.7 38.7 17.2 0.8 −1.3 2.9 3.8 −4.8 −0.6
ECU 13.4 16.4 42.0 26.8 1.4 −27.3 −4.4 14.5 16.7 0.5
GTM 47.7 19.6 25.2 7.3 0.2 0.4 5.5 2.5 −7.0 −1.4
HND 49.5 17.0 24.9 8.5 0.2 2.1 1.5 −0.1 −3.2 −0.3
MEX 19.9 17.6 37.8 23.0 1.7 −3.0 −0.3 0.6 2.5 0.2
NIC 33.0 24.1 33.3 9.3 0.3 −14.3 6.9 9.6 −0.8 −1.3
PAN 15.6 11.1 36.1 34.7 2.6 −8.1 −3.7 2.1 9.4 0.4
PER 19.3 13.7 40.5 25.7 0.8 −15.5 −4.4 6.1 13.4 0.4
PRY 15.9 14.0 38.5 30.1 1.5 −14.7 −0.7 5.2 10.3 −0.2
SLV 21.6 21.2 41.4 15.4 0.3 −8.5 3.1 7.5 −1.9 −0.2
URY 3.9 6.4 32.3 54.5 2.9 −0.9 −2.7 −5.1 8.7 0.0
VEN 10.7 13.8 45.9 29.1 0.6 −20.7 −7.7 9.7 18.3 0.4
Region 15.9 13.7 37.6 30.5 2.3 −12.9 −3.7 5.2 10.9 0.6
  1. (a) Last year is 2012 in Bolivia, Honduras and Nicaragua, and 2011 in Chile. (b) First year is 2001 in Brazil, Honduras, Nicaragua and Paraguay
  2. ARG Argentina (only urban), BOL Bolivia, BRA Brazil, CHL Chile, COL Colombia, CRI Costa Rica, DOM Dominican Republic, ECU Ecuador, GTM Guatemala, HND Honduras, MEX Mexico, NIC Nicaragua, PAN Panama, PER Peru, PRY Paraguay, SLV El Salvador, URY Uruguay (only urban), VEN Venezuela