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Table 7 Urban and rural poverty transition matrices in Latin America (2003–2013), region aggregate.

From: Poverty, vulnerability, and the middle class in Latin America

% of individuals 2013
Extreme poor Moderate poor Vulnerable Middle class High income Total
Panel A—Urban
 2003
  Extreme poor 29.9 34.9 32.8 1.5 0.9 100
  Moderate poor 6.1 20.9 65.0 7.6 0.5 100
  Vulnerable 1.5 6.6 61.4 30.2 0.3 100
  Middle class 0.2 0.7 20.2 76.5 2.4 100
  High income 0.0 0.0 0.6 59.9 39.5 100
Panel B—Rural
 2003
  Extreme poor 57.7 27.6 14.1 0.3 0.3 100
  Moderate poor 14.5 32.9 50.0 2.4 0.3 100
  Vulnerable 5.3 15.0 65.8 13.8 0.1 100
  Middle class 1.0 3.3 39.5 55.9 0.3 100
  High income 0.0 0.0 2.7 35.6 61.7 100
  1. Results based on 12 countries (Argentina (only urban), Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Honduras, Panama, Peru, Paraguay, El Salvador, and Uruguay (only urban))