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Table 5 Latin American social expenditures as GDP percentage. 1990, 2000, 2012

From: Determinants of social spending in Latin America during and after the Washington consensus: a dynamic panel error-correction model analysis

  1990 2000 2012
TSE EDE HE SSE OE TSE EDE HE SSE OE TSE EDE HE SSE OE
Argentina 9.53 1.12 2.20 6.15 0.05 9.13 0.83 2.07 6.23 0.01 11.95 1.72 0.71 9.06 0.46
Bolivia 5.17 3.12 0.49 1.50 0.06 11.51 5.20 1.28 4.78 0.26 11.45 5.23 1.34 4.63 0.26
Brasil 22.78 5.14 4.64 11.63 1.36 20.62 4.80 3.84 10.91 1.08 25.06 5.48 5.01 13.14 1.43
Chile 11.30 2.15 1.67 7.23 0.24 14.22 3.67 2.69 7.51 0.35 14.72 4.27 3.70 6.33 0.43
Colombia 5.69 2.23 0.87 2.16 0.43 10.15 3.25 1.91 4.03 0.96 13.10 3.03 1.95 7.42 0.70
Costa Rica 16.13 4.07 4.96 5.15 1.95 17.32 4.85 5.02 5.96 1.49 22.98 7.38 6.75 6.65 2.20
Ecuador 3.90 2.53 1.11 0.26 0.00 2.51 1.53 0.56 0.31 0.11 8.00 4.56 1.78 1.38 0.28
El Salvador 6.36 1.82 2.19 1.99 0.75 10.03 3.14 3.94 3.17 1.19 14.81 3.92 4.04 4.83 2.03
Guatemala 3.87 1.85 1.04 0.85 0.14 6.85 2.72 1.17 1.14 1.52 7.56 3.20 1.06 1.48 1.82
Honduras 6.44 3.56 2.57 0.31 0.00 7.82 4.77 2.76 0.29 0.20 10.30 6.51 3.87 0.51 0.20
Mexico 5.43 2.21 2.47 0.11 0.64 8.47 3.38 1.99 2.23 0.87 10.65 3.47 2.69 3.09 1.41
Nicaragua 5.53 3.13 3.07 2.00 1.20 6.63 2.96 2.37 1.50 1.30 9.52 4.00 3.00 1.87 2.53
Panama 6.33 3.57 1.44 1.06 0.26 9.06 4.02 2.04 1.75 1.25 9.57 3.58 1.69 1.31 2.99
Paraguay 7.29 0.81 1.50 2.99 0.08 8.51 3.75 2.12 3.49 0.02 17.85 5.83 4.24 7.26 0.52
Peru 5.83 1.87 1.08 2.33 0.59 8.88 3.00 1.52 3.72 0.65 9.78 2.96 2.50 3.03 1.29
Uruguay 15.65 2.40 2.71 10.23 0.31 22.50 2.85 3.65 14.40 1.60 24.12 3.67 5.96 10.66 1.59
Venezuela 11.19 4.08 1.97 2.46 2.63 14.94 5.92 2.63 3.75 2.64 21.16 5.97 4.50 9.16 1.53
Average 8.73 2.68 2.12 3.44 0.63 11.13 3.57 2.44 4.42 0.91 14.27 4.40 3.22 5.40 1.27
Coefficient of Variation 0.59 0.42 0.59 1.01 1.19 0.47 0.36 0.47 0.85 0.78 0.41 0.34 0.54 0.69 0.68
Range (max–min) 18.90 4.33 4.47 11.52 2.63 19.99 5.09 4.46 14.10 2.62 17.50 5.66 6.04 12.63 2.79
Variation 1990–2000 27.5% 33.2% 15.1% 28.5% 44.4%           
Variation 2000–2012 28.2% 23.2% 32.0% 22.2% 39.6%           
  1. TSE total social expenditure, EDE education expenditure, HE health expenditure, SSE social security expenditure, OE other expenditure