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Table 1 Decomposition of changes in national poverty in Mexico into its growth, distribution, and inflation components (1992–2014)

From: Growth, inequality and poverty dynamics in Mexico

  Poverty measures (% point change)
Food poverty line Extreme poverty line Basic-needs poverty line
Effect H PG SPG H PG SPG H PG SPG
Growth 0.28 − 0.03 0.00 0.30 0.10 0.05 0.37 0.20 0.11
Distribution − 6.13 − 1.59 − 0.94 − 5.63 − 2.81 − 1.52 − 4.95 − 3.52 − 2.52
Inflation 4.28 0.75 0.58 4.73 1.95 1.05 6.52 3.24 1.99
Residual 0.35 − 0.19 − 0.26 0.51 − 0.20 − 0.29 0.77 0.10 − 0.12
Total change − 1.22 − 1.05 − 0.62 − 0.08 − 0.95 − 0.72 2.71 0.01 − 0.53
  1. The applied decomposition methodology was proposed by Günther and Grimm (2007) in the Journal of Development Economics. H, PG, and SPG stand for the headcount, poverty gap, and squared poverty gap indexes, which are part of the FGT poverty measures
  Relative roles of growth, redistribution, and inflation to changes in poverty in Mexico (1992–2014)
Food poverty line Extreme poverty line Basic-needs poverty line
H PG SPG H PG SPG H PG SPG
Growth (%) − 18 3 0 − 51 − 14 − 11 19 225 − 27
Distribution (%) 390 184 261 945 375 355 − 255 − 3986 610
Inflation (%) − 273 − 87 − 161 − 794 − 261 − 244 336 3661 − 483
Total (%) 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  1. The applied decomposition methodology was proposed by Günther and Grimm (2007) in the Journal of Development Economics. H, PG, and SPG stand for the headcount, poverty gap, and squared poverty gap indexes, which are part of the FGT poverty measures