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Table 3 Determinants of product innovation

From: The impact of competition with China in the US market on innovation in Mexican manufacturing firms

Independent variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
% of US imports from China 0.0548 (− 3.83)** 0.035 (− 4.38)** 0.0402 (− 3.75)**
% of US imports from China squared 18.4782 (2.06)* 78.4058 (3.02)** 255.6942 (3.52)**
Internal competition measure 10.4025 (3.06)** 15.0211 (3.15)**
Internal competition measure squared 0.0207 (− 4.04)** 0.0203 (− 3.64)**
Firm with 100% foreign capital 0.6867 (− 1.90)^
Firm with mixed capital 0.7678 (− 1.07)
Exporting firm 1.0738 (0.54)
Outsourcing firm 0.7552 (− 0.94)
Firm within a corporation 1.5098 (3.22)**
Size 1.0000 (2.52)**
Firm with R&D area 21.1966 (23.47)**
Industry fixed effects No No No
Pseudo R-squared 0.0108 0.0184 0.1896
Prob > χ2 0 0 0
Number of observations 6378 6378 6378
  1. Each estimation is from a separate logistic regression
  2. A model including industry fixed effects and all control variables included in Model 3 can be found in Table 6
  3. t values are included in parenthesis
  4. * Significant at a 5% level
  5. ** Significant at a 1% level
  6. ^Significant at a 10% level