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Table 4 Determinants of process innovation

From: The impact of competition with China in the US market on innovation in Mexican manufacturing firms

Independent variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
% of US imports from China 0.0782 (− 2.63)** 0.0515 (− 3.02)** 0.0401 (− 2.96)**
% of US imports from China squared 3.7434 (0.7) 12.5283 (1.31) 72.5646 (2.07)*
Internal competition measure 15.3271 (2.82)** 15.5551 (2.56)**
Internal competition measure squared 0.0213 (− 3.20)** 0.04 (− 2.43)*
Firm with 100% foreign capital 0.6916 (− 1.60)
Firm with mixed capital 0.7083 (− 1.20)
Exporting firm 1.5996 (3.09)**
Outsourcing firm 0.9282 (− 0.23)
Firm within a corporation 1.5005 (2.66)**
Size 1.0000 (0.82)
Firm with R&D area 19.2848 (21.04)**
Industry fixed effects No No No
Pseudo R squared 0.0153 0.0199 0.2026
Prob > χ2 0 0 0
Number of observations 6378 6378 6378
  1. Each estimation is from a separate logistic regression
  2. t values are included in parenthesis
  3. * Significant at a 5% level
  4. ** Significant at a 1% level