Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 6 Efficiency drivers: second-stage estimations (PISA 2009)

From: Measuring the efficiency of public schools in Uruguay: main drivers and policy implications

Explanatory variables Conventional Tobita Truncated + bootstrapb Tobit + bootstrapa OLS + bootstrap
Coef. SE t Coef. SE z Coef. SE z Coef. SE z
PCTCORRECT −0.20 0.05 −4.28*** −0.257 0.066 −3.91*** −0.196 0.053 −3.72*** −0.149 0.040 −3.70***
TESTc −0.04 0.03 −1.42 −0.100 0.056 −1.79* −0.039 0.032 −1.23 −0.040 0.023 −1.75*
HOMEWORKc −0.07 0.03 −2.41** −0.060 0.033 −1.82* −0.069 0.034 −2.02*** −0.037 0.019 −1.95*
EXTREADING 0.01 0.19 0.05 −0.146 0.265 −0.55 0.010 0.220 0.05 −0.049 0.150 −0.33
TEACHVOCc 0.04 0.03 1.56 0.105 0.041 2.58*** 0.043 0.032 1.34 0.042 0.024 1.76*
RURALc 0.01 0.03 0.27 0.057 0.056 1.02 0.009 0.037 0.25 0.004 0.027 0.14
CITYc 0.00 0.04 −0.05 −0.002 0.054 −0.04 −0.002 0.050 −0.04 −0.011 0.043 −0.25
TEACHSTU 0.00 0.00 −0.04 −0.004 0.009 −0.47 0.000 0.005 −0.03 0.000 0.004 0.04
Curr_authorc 0.06 0.03 1.76* 0.019 0.059 0.32 0.060 0.042 1.43 0.028 0.025 1.11
Disc_authorc 0.00 0.03 0.07 −0.020 0.046 −0.44 0.002 0.037 0.06 −0.004 0.029 −0.15
Asses_authorc −0.04 0.02 −1.64* −0.021 0.035 −0.61 −0.040 0.027 −1.47 −0.025 0.020 −1.21
Budget_authorc −0.03 0.03 −1.25 −0.009 0.037 −0.23 −0.033 0.030 −1.08 −0.022 0.023 −0.93
Budget_ppalc −0.01 0.03 −0.20 0.019 0.040 0.49 −0.005 0.029 −0.18 0.008 0.021 0.38
Constant 1.17 0.05 21.34*** 1.242 0.074 16.86*** 1.167 0.069 17.03*** 1.173 0.049 24.11***
/sigma 0.100 0.010   0.086 0.012   0.100 0.010   0.085   
  1. ‘Coef.’ is the estimated coefficient. SE is the robust standard error of the estimated coefficient. Number of schools = 98
  2. Source: authors’ estimations using PISA 2009 data
  3. p < 0.10
  4. ** p < 0.05
  5. *** p < 0.01
  6. aCensored regression model with 26 left-censored observations at value 1
  7. bTruncated regression model with 26 left-truncated observations at value 1
  8. cDummy variables. Reference categories for school dummies are: non-vocational technical school; school located in a town with more than 3000 and less than 100,000 inhabitants; students are assessed through test with monthly frequency or less; students are assessed through homework with frequency less than monthly; the national authorities do not have a considerable responsibility for determining the content of the courses or establishing student disciplinary policies or distributing the school budget or establishing the students assessment policies; the school principal does not have a considerable responsibility for distributing the school budget; the school board does not have a considerable responsibility for distributing the school budget