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Table 5 Determinants of innovations for the world

From: The impact of competition with China in the US market on innovation in Mexican manufacturing firms

Independent variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
% of US imports from China 0.0301 (− 3.89)** 0.0221 (− 4.18)** 0.0669 (− 2.81)**
% of US imports from China squared 45.6124 (2.26)* 113.814 (2.74)** 68.5205 (2.35)**
Internal competition measure 6.8388 (2.12) 10.9966 (2.47)**
Internal competition measure squared 0.0634 (− 2.47)** 0.0434 (− 2.64)**
Firm with 100% foreign capital 0.4977 (− 2.67)**
Firm with mixed capital 0.8745 (− 0.49)
Exporting firm 0.4088 (− 4.98)**
Outsourcing firm 0.3815 (− 1.51)
Firm within a corporation 1.5144 (2.89)**
Size 1.0000 (2.62)**
Firm with R&D area 12.4316 (17.11)**
Industry fixed effects No No No
Pseudo R squared 0.0127 0.0154 0.1339
Prob > χ2 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
Number of observations 6378 6378 6378
  1. Each estimation is from a separate logistic regression
  2. z values are included in parenthesis
  3. * Significant at a 5% level
  4. ** Significant at a 1% level